[1] A cover version is a song sung as an alternative version not considered the original or a version not by the author and composer.

[2] From the Old Testament reference: 1 Samuel 16:14-23

[3] This is capitalised to be in line with translations of the Bible where the word 'God' has many different spellings in the original. Website Only Link.

[4] A rectangle of proportions found frequently in nature that replicates itself when folded over on itself. Website Only Link.



Secular versus Sacred?

[5] Where a group of musicians play in an unscripted, impromptu fashion, making music together instinctively.


[7] Pentecostalism arrived in the American South following the post-Civil War holiness revival and was characterised by believers speaking in unknown tongues, worship in free-form churches, and the breaking down of social barriers that had long divided traditional Protestants.


[9] I. Hoare ed., The Soul Book, Methuen, 1975.

[10] L. Barton, Hail, Hail, Rock ‘n’ Roll, The Guardian, Thursday 21 July 2011.

[11] To turn around and move in a different direction.

[12] B. Flanaghan, Written In My Soul, Omnibus Press, 1990.

[13] N. Hentoff, The Playboy Interview in C. McGregor ed. Bob Dylan: a retrospective, Angus & Robertson (Publishers) Pty Ltd, 1973.

[14] G. Marcus, liner notes to The Basement Tapes by Bob Dylan & The Band, Columbia, 1975.

[15] B. Flanaghan, Written In My Soul, Omnibus Press, 1990.


[17] Transcribed from quotes by both Nickey Gumbel (Alpha Course recordings) and Shane Hipps

[18] D. Adam, Power Lines: Celtic Prayers about Work, SPCK, 1992.




Muse versus Market

[20] G. Greig, Sting: The X Factor kids are going nowhere, Evening Standard, 11.11.09.

[21] Sculpting In Time, University of Texas Press, 1986.

[22] Ibid.

[23] attributed to musician Julie Hall.

[24] N. Page, Authentic, 2004.

[25] A reference to Jesus' action to clear traders and money changers from the Temple in Jerusalem. The Temple should have been a house of prayer but had become a hideout for thieves.

[26] Ibid.



[29]   Imagine: Art is child’s play, BBC1, 21st June 2010.




Play versus Plan


[32] N. Stokes, Into the Heart, Omnibus Press, 1996.

[33] Ibid.

[34] Effective Practice: Play and Exploration, The Early Years Foundation Stage, Crown, 2007

[35] N.T. Wright, The New Testament and the People of God, SPCK, 1992.

[36] C.F. Ellis Jr., Free at Last?: The Gospel in the African-American Experience, Inter-Varsity Press, 1992.

[37] Ibid.

[38] D. Dark, Everyday Apocalypse, Brazos Press, 2002, pps. 12 & 13.



[41] First broadcast Tuesday 09 March 2010


[43] Albert Herbert, Robert MacDonald, Modern Painters V2/4.

[44] Albert Herbert, Introduction by A.H. in catalogue of his exhibition at England & Co., October 1994.

[45] Ibid.

[46] Ibid.

[47] Ken Kiff, Penelope Bennett, Modern Painters V3/4.

[48] William Anderson, Cecil Collins: The Quest for the Great Happiness, Barrie & Jenkins.

[49] Imagine: Art is child’s play, BBC1, 21.06.2010.


[51] Ibid.

[52] G. K. Chesterton, St Francis of Assisi, Hodder.

[53] Herald Press, 2003.

[54] Marc Chagall, My Life, Peter Owen.

[55] The Master of the Imaginary, Camille Bourniquel, Homage to Chagall, Leon Amiel Publisher, New York.



Medium versus Message

[56] F. O'Connor, Mystery and Manners: Occasional Prose, Faber & Faber Limited, 1972.

[57] B. Flanaghan, Written In My Soul, Omnibus Press, 1990.

[58] M. Guite, Faith, Hope and Poetry: Theology and the Poetic Imagination, Ashgate, 2010.

[59] Ibid.

[60] D. Dark, Everyday Apocalypse, Brazos Press, 2002.

[61] J. Joyce, Stephen Hero, Ed. Theodore Spencer, New Directions Press, 1944.

[62] J. Joyce, Dubliners. Ed. Terence Brown. New York: Penguin, 1993.

[63] Ibid.

[64] B. Richards, Joyce's Epiphany from The English Review

[65] F. Valente, Joyce's Dubliner's As Epiphanies,

[66] F. O'Connor, Mystery and Manners: Occasional Prose, Faber & Faber Limited, 1972.

[67] The last book in the Holy Bible; an apocalyptic vision given to John on the Island of Patmos which ends with an image of the kingdom of God come on earth, as in heaven.

[68] Artrageous, Cornerstone Press, 1992.

[69] S. Hipps, Flickering Pixels: How Technology Shapes Your Faith, Zondervan, 2009.

[70] Ibid.

[71] Ibid.



Chaos versus Connection

[72] T.S. Eliot, The Waste Land and Other Poems, R. Malamud ed. Barnes & Noble, 2005.

[73] Ibid.

[74] N. Taylor, The Velvet Underground in New York, New York in the Velvet Underground,

[75] Ibid.

[76] Ibid.

[77] Art of England, September 2009.

[78] Ibid.

[79] David Jones, The Anathemata, Faber & Faber Limited.

[80] M. Riddell, God’s home page, The Bible Reading Fellowship, 1998.

[81] M. Oakley, The Collage of God, Darton, Longman and Todd Ltd, 2001.

[82] W. Brueggemann, The Bible makes sense, St Mary’s Press, 2001,

[83] Ibid.

[84] B. Flanagan, U2 At the End of the World, Bantam Press, 1996

[85] J. Waters, Race of Angels: The Genesis of U2, Fourth Estate Limited, London, 1994

[86] Ibid.

[87] The Charismatic movement is an ongoing international, cross-denominational Christian movement in which both individual, historically mainstream and entirely new congregations adopt beliefs and practices similar to Pentecostalism.

[88] Christian believers speaking in unknown languages, often thought to be the language of heaven.

[89] D. Lynskey, Different ClassQ, Summer 2001.

[90] Van Morrison, Bringing it all back Home, New Musical Express 3rd June 1989.

[91] Van Morrison, See me Through Part II (Just a Closer Walk with Thee).

[92] T S Eliot, The Waste Land, Faber & Faber.

[93] Derek Hyatt, Paul Nash and the Megaliths, Modern Painters, Winter 1994.

[94] Ibid.

[95] David Jones, The Anathemata, Faber & Faber Limited.

[96] Nicholas Mosley, Catastrophe Practice, Minerva.

[97] Ibid.

[98] Ibid.

[99] Charles Williams, He came down from Heaven, Faber & Faber, 1950.

[100] Gunnar Urang, Shadows of Heaven.

[101] Ibid.

[102] Charles Williams, The Greater Trumps.



Head versus Heart

[103] See

[104] (click on picture for full effect).

[105] I.F. Walther & R. Metzger, Chagall, Taschen, 1987.

[106] Victoria Williams, Happy Come Home, Geffen Records, 1993.

[107] I. Stravinsky, Igor Stravinsky: An Autobiography, Simon & Schuster, Inc., 1936.

[108] Ibid.

[109] B. Meldhau, Blank Expressions, The Guardian Friday 16th September 2011.

[110] Ibid.

[111] Ibid.



Search versus Stasis

[112] A hobo is an itinerant worker. The phrase first began to be used in West USA during the depression.

[113] Beat poetry evolved during the 1940s in both New York City and on the West coast when the end of World War II left poets like Allen Ginsberg, Gary Snyder, Lawrence Ferlinghetti and Gregory Corso questioning mainstream politics and culture.

[114] L. Sloman, Liner Notes to Bob Dylan's Tell Tale Signs, Columbia, 2008.

[115] Sculpting In Time, University of Texas Press, 1986.

[116] Ibid.

[117] A. Tims, The artists' artist: modern composers, The Guardian Wednesday 3rd August 2011.

[118] M. Ainsworth, Be Still, And Know That I Am God: Concert Halls Rediscover the Sacred, 2002.

[119] Ibid.

[120] Ibid.

[121] Ibid.

[122] J. Macmillan, Music and Modernity, Standpoint November 2009.



In Conclusion...

[123] B. Bragg, The Progressive Patriot, Bantam Press, 2006, p. 199.

[124] Ibid.

[125] Galatians 5 v 25.

[126] M. S. Peck, The Road Less Travelled: A New Psychology of Love, Traditional Values and Spiritual Growth, London: Arrow Books Limited, 1990, p. 272.

[127] We are grateful to Hugh Rayment-Pickard for pointing us to Arthur Sullivan's song The Lost Chord and Jesus' use of the word kairos.